Breaking Glass – Britain’s Post War Big Four – a lecture by Mark Hill
Mark began his very interesting and informative lecture by setting the scene for us. He explained that he would be focussing on the 60s and 70s when glass was bought to be used, when there was greater prosperity and the beginnings of commercialism.
Stourbridge was the backbone of the industry at the end of the 19th century . The rules were very conservative and by the beginning of the 20th century they had still not changed -i.e.colourless cut glass.! This continued until the 1950s, although Stuart of Walsh and Walsh had introduced slight modernisation with the work of Farquarson ?????
Then suddenly Scandinavia appeared on the scene and style and design changed dramatically
In the 50s we see glass with cool coloured curves – no straight lines
In the 60s texture is introduced and in the 60s and 70s the focus is on colour.
Examples of Scandinavian artists are shown below.
1952 Holmegard ‘Duckling’ demonstrating cool curves
and the vibrant colour of ‘Emma’ vase by Helena Tyrell in 1968
The key personalities at this period were Frank Thrower at Dartington Glass, Domhnall O’Broin at Cathness Glass, Geoffrey Baxter at Whitefriars and Ronald Stenett-Wilson at Kings Lynn. What untied these four was an altruistic streak and they were not controlled by the Stourbridge regulations- they were thinking beyond it.
Whitefriars was founded in 1680 and they became known in the 60s for delivering fast and effective glass.
Their ‘Drunken Bricklayer was part of their textured range
another of their work was Double Diamond
Much of their work was with cool colours like the fjords.
Mark showed us three examples of their work which he graded as good, better and best.
better was ‘Bark’ showing how effective the texturing was
and best was ‘Banjo’
Domhnall visited Scandinavia and his design became linear- neat and controlled though the key to it was colour focused on the Scottish landscape 0f the lochs, heather and peat.
For the ‘better’ example of Domhnall’s work Mark chose the 1961 Ring Vase which was very difficult to make so there are not many about
Kings Lynn Glass was set up in 1967 and sold to Wedgewood in 1969 !
A good example of his work are the Sheringham candle holders from 1967 where each part was made separately
Though he had a strong leaning to Scandinavia he gave his work U.K. names.
and the ‘best’ was the deceptively complex Ariel Studio vase
Dartington Glass was founded in 1967 and Frank Thrower created many interesting designs – including the ‘Face ‘vase from 1967-71
and the ‘Polo Neck ‘ from 1968-70
He produced over 700 designs and had ‘Rock Star ‘ success. In 1982 Wedgewood bought into Dartington Glass.
Mark chose his good example of Thrower’s work as the FT1 Tankard
better was the FT4 decanter
and best the FT58 – Greek Key vase